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Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as “Netaji,” was a freedom fighter and leader of the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. He was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa, and was the ninth child of Janakinath Bose, a lawyer and a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress.

Bose began his political career as a member of the Indian National Congress, but he soon became disillusioned with the party’s methods of non-violent resistance and resigned in 1939. He believed in the use of force to achieve independence and formed the Forward Bloc, a coalition of Indian nationalist groups.

During World War II, Bose sought the assistance of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan to fight against the British. He formed the Indian National Army (INA) with the help of Japanese soldiers, and with their support, he launched an attack on British-controlled India in 1944. However, the attack was unsuccessful and Bose was forced to flee to Taiwan, where he died in a plane crash under mysterious circumstances in 1945.

Despite his controversial methods, Bose is considered a national hero in India and is remembered for his unwavering dedication to the Indian independence movement. His speeches and writings, particularly his call for “complete independence” and his speeches during his INA trials, continue to inspire Indians. He was a true leader and a great patriot who always kept the freedom of his country first and foremost in his mind.

Subhash Chandra Bose’s legacy lives on in India and continues to inspire future generations to fight for freedom and justice. He will always be remembered as a brave and selfless leader who sacrificed his life for the cause of Indian independence.

Details About Subhash Chandra Bose’s Family

Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as “Netaji,” came from a well-educated and influential family in Orissa, India.

His father, Janakinath Bose, was a lawyer and a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress. His mother, Prabhavati Devi, was a devout Hindu and a deeply religious woman. He had eight brothers and sisters.

Bose was the ninth and youngest child of his parents. His eldest brother, Sarat Chandra Bose, was a lawyer and a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement. Another brother, Suresh Chandra Bose, was also a lawyer and a member of the Indian National Congress.

In the year of 1923, Bose married Emilie Schenkl, an Austrian woman who he had met while studying in England. They had a daughter together named Anita Bose Pfaff.

Bose’s family was deeply involved in the Indian independence movement, and his brothers and sisters also played important roles in the movement. His father and eldest brother were both members of the Indian National Congress, and his younger brother, Suresh Chandra Bose, was also an important leader in the Congress.

Despite being away from his family for long periods of time due to his political activities, Bose was deeply attached to his family, and he often wrote to them and sought their advice and support. His family’s support and sacrifice during his political life was a major source of strength for him.

How Subhash Chandra Bose Escape from India

Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as “Netaji,” made a daring escape from British-controlled India in 1941. He had been placed under house arrest by the British government for his activities in the Forward Bloc, a coalition of Indian nationalist groups that he had formed.

Bose managed to escape from house arrest in Calcutta by disguising himself as a Muslim Pathan named Ziauddin and traveling to Peshawar, a city in present-day Pakistan. From there, he made his way to Kabul, Afghanistan, where he met with the German Ambassador, who arranged for him to travel to Berlin, Germany.

In Berlin, Bose met with German leaders, including Adolf Hitler, and sought their support for the Indian independence movement. He also formed the Free India Centre and the Indian Legion, a force of Indian soldiers who were to fight alongside the German army.

However, with the tide of the war turning against Germany, Bose realized that the German support for Indian independence was not going to materialize, he decided to seek the help of Japan, which was also at war with the British and the Allies.

Bose traveled to Tokyo, Japan, in 1943, where he formed the Indian National Army (INA) with the help of Japanese soldiers. He also organized the Indian Independence League, a political organization to mobilize Indian expatriates in Southeast Asia to support the Indian independence movement.

In summary, Subhash Chandra Bose made a daring escape from British-controlled India in 1941 by disguising himself and traveling to Berlin, Germany, and then to Tokyo, Japan, where he formed the Indian National Army (INA) with the help of Japanese soldiers to fight against the British and seek the independence of India.

What two slogans did Netaji give?

  1. “Jai Hind” means “Victory to India” in Hindi. Bose used this slogan as a battle cry for the Indian independence movement and it was popularized by the soldiers of the Indian National Army (INA), which he led during World War II. Bose believed that the unity and determination of the Indian people would ultimately lead to the defeat of British colonial rule and this slogan helped to mobilize the Indian soldiers and civilians to fight for the freedom of their country.

  2. “Delhi Chalo” which means “Onward to Delhi” in Hindi. Bose gave this slogan to the soldiers of the INA, encouraging them to march toward Delhi and liberate it from British rule. The “Delhi Chalo” slogan became a rallying cry for the INA soldiers and helped to boost their morale during the war.

Both these slogans were widely used during the Indian independence movement, and they continue to be a symbol of national pride and unity in India, and they serve as a reminder of the sacrifices made by leaders like Bose and the INA soldiers in the struggle for Indian independence.

What was Netaji famous speech?

One of the most famous speeches given by Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as “Netaji,” was his address to the Indian National Army (INA) on July 4, 1944. The speech, which is also known as the “Forward, men of India!” speech, was given at a rally in Singapore to motivate the soldiers of the INA and to rally support for the Indian independence movement.

In the speech, Bose outlined his vision for an independent India, and he called on the soldiers of the INA to fight for the freedom of their country. He also spoke about the importance of sacrifice and dedication, and he urged the soldiers to be prepared to give their lives for the cause of Indian independence.

Bose’s speech was widely reported in the Indian press, and it was heard by millions of people throughout India. The speech was a powerful rallying cry for the Indian independence movement and it helped to boost the morale of the INA soldiers.

Another famous speech of Bose was given during the INA trials in 1945, where he said “Give me blood, and I will give you freedom”. This speech was widely reported and it became a powerful slogan that rallied support for the Indian independence movement.

In summary, Subhash Chandra Bose gave many speeches during his political life, but the “Forward, men of India!” speech, given to the Indian National Army (INA) on July 4, 1944 and the speech during the INA trials in 1945, where he said “Give me blood, and I will give you freedom” are considered

Subhash Chandra Bose Birthday

The birthday of Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as “Netaji,” is January 23rd. He was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa, India, and his birthday is celebrated as “Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti” in India.

Bose’s birthday is celebrated as a national holiday in some states of India, and it is marked by various events and programs organized by the government, political parties, and social organizations. These events include speeches, rallies, parades, cultural programs, and the laying of wreaths at statues and memorials of Bose.

Bose’s birthday is also celebrated by his followers and admirers, who pay homage to him and remember his contributions to the Indian independence movement. His speeches, writings, and messages continue to inspire people, and his birthday is a day to remember his legacy and sacrifice for the freedom of India.

Subhash Chandra Bose Wife

Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as “Netaji,” was married to Emilie Schenkl, an Austrian woman. They met while Bose was studying in England, and they were married in 1923 in Austria. They had a daughter together named Anita Bose Pfaff.

Emilie Schenkl Bose was not well known to the public during Netaji’s life, as he was mostly away from home due to his political activities. They were married in Austria, where they lived together for a short time, and then Bose left for India and Emilie stayed in Austria with their daughter. They kept in touch through letters, and when Bose went to Europe and then to Japan, they were not able to meet.

Emilie Bose spent most of her life out of the public eye and lived in Austria, where she passed away in 1996. Bose’s daughter, Anita Bose Pfaff, is a German economist and academic who has written about her father’s life and legacy.

Subhash Chandra Bose FAQs

Why Subhash Chandra Bose is famous?

Subhash Chandra Bose is famous for his role as a leader in the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule.

He is often referred to as “Netaji,” which means “Respected Leader” in Hindi.

Bose is famous for his strong and charismatic leadership, his fierce and unwavering dedication to the cause of Indian independence, and his willingness to use force to achieve his goals.

Bose began his political career as a member of the Indian National Congress, but he soon became disillusioned with the party’s methods of non-violent resistance and resigned in 1939.

He formed the Forward Bloc, a coalition of Indian nationalist groups, and believed in the use of force to achieve independence.
During World War II, Bose sought the assistance of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan to fight against the British.

He formed the Indian National Army (INA) with the help of Japanese soldiers, and with their support, he launched an attack on British-controlled India in 1944.

Despite the failure of the attack, Bose’s INA was able to gain support among the Indian soldiers in the British Indian army and it was a major morale booster for the Indian Independence movement.

Bose’s speeches and writings, particularly his call for “complete independence” and his speeches during his INA trials, continue to inspire Indians.

His legacy lives on in India and continues to inspire future generations to fight for freedom and justice. He is remembered as a brave and selfless leader who sacrificed his life for the cause of Indian independence.

How did Subhash Chandra Bose die?

The exact circumstances surrounding Subhash Chandra Bose’s death are still a matter of debate and speculation. It is commonly believed that he died in a plane crash in Taiwan on August 18, 1945.

The official story is that his plane, a Japanese bomber, caught fire and crashed while flying from Taipei to Tokyo. Bose sustained fatal injuries in the crash and died a few hours later.

However, there have been many conspiracy theories and alternate explanations for his death. Some believe that he did not die in the plane crash and instead lived in hiding or under an assumed identity.

Some believe that he was murdered by the British, while others believe that he was killed by the Japanese.

In 1956 the Nehru government set up a commission to investigate the incident, known as the Shah Nawaz Committee, which concluded that Bose died in the plane crash.

While in 1999, another commission known as the Mukherjee Commission was set up which concluded that the crash story was not true.

Despite the lack of concrete evidence, the official story is that Bose died in the plane crash. However, the mystery surrounding his death continues to fuel speculation and conspiracy theories.

Who called Netaji the first time?

It is believed that Subhash Chandra Bose was first referred to as “Netaji” by the soldiers of the Indian National Army (INA), which he led during World War II.

The term “Netaji” is a Hindi word that means “Respected Leader” or “Respected One,” and it was a title of respect and admiration given to Bose by his followers.

Bose formed the INA with the help of Japanese soldiers, and with their support, he launched an attack on British-controlled India in 1944.

The INA soldiers referred to him as Netaji and it was popularized them. Even though Bose himself never used this title, it was widely used by his followers and supporters, and it became synonymous with his name.

The title “Netaji” is a way of showing deep respect and admiration for Bose and his leadership during the Indian independence movement.

His leadership and sacrifice for the nation still remain an inspiration for many, and the title “Netaji” is a way of remembering him and his legacy.

Who inspired Subhash Chandra Bose?

Subhash Chandra Bose was inspired by a number of leaders and thinkers throughout his life. Some of the most notable influences on his political beliefs and actions include:

Mahatma Gandhi: Bose initially began his political career as a member of the Indian National Congress, and he was deeply influenced by Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violent resistance.

However, he eventually became disillusioned with Congress’s methods and resigned in 1939.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak: Tilak was one of the early leaders of the Indian independence movement who advocated for “Swaraj” (self-rule) and was known for his strong leadership and his use of patriotic sentiments to mobilize the masses.

Bose was inspired by Tilak’s speeches and writings, and he often cited Tilak as an important influence on his own political beliefs.

Bhagat Singh: Bhagat Singh was a revolutionary socialist and a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement.

He advocated for the use of violent means to achieve independence and was known for his strong and charismatic leadership.

Bose was inspired by Bhagat Singh’s dedication to the cause of Indian independence and his willingness to sacrifice his life for the cause.

Italian fascist leader Benito Mussolini: Bose was deeply impressed by the charisma and leadership style of Mussolini and the way he had transformed Italy.

He admired the way Mussolini had made Italy a powerful nation, and his admiration for Mussolini’s leadership led him to seek an alliance with Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan.

Japanese emperor Hirohito: Bose had a deep admiration for the Japanese emperor and the way he was revered by his people, he saw Japan’s emperor as a symbol of cultural unity and national spirit.

He sought the help of Japan to fight against British rule in India, and he formed the Indian National Army (INA) with the help of Japanese soldiers.

What is the famous slogan of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose?

The famous slogan of Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as “Netaji,” is “Jai Hind” which means “Victory to India” in Hindi.

He used this slogan as a battle cry for the Indian independence movement and it was popularized by the soldiers of the Indian National Army (INA), which he led during World War II.

Bose used this slogan as a rallying cry to inspire Indian soldiers and civilians to fight for the freedom of their country.

He believed that the unity and determination of the Indian people would ultimately lead to the defeat of British colonial rule.

“Jai Hind” became a popular slogan among Indian soldiers, and it was widely used during the Indian independence movement.

Today, it is still a popular slogan in India and is often used as a patriotic expression and to show support for the nation.

The slogan “Jai Hind” continues to be a symbol of national pride and unity in India, and it serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by leaders like Bose and the INA soldiers in the struggle for Indian independence.

Was Subhash Chandra Bose IAS?

Subhash Chandra Bose was not an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer.

He was a freedom fighter and leader of the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. Bose began his political career as a member of the Indian National Congress, but he soon became disillusioned with the party’s methods of non-violent resistance and resigned in 1939.

He formed the Forward Bloc, a coalition of Indian nationalist groups, and believed in the use of force to achieve independence.
Bose passed his Civil Service Examination (ICS) in England in 1920, and he was selected for the Indian Civil Service (ICS) by the British government, but he resigned from the ICS in April 1921.

He returned to India and became a leader in the Indian independence movement. He sought the assistance of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan to fight against the British, and he formed the Indian National Army (INA) with the help of Japanese soldiers.

In short, Subhash Chandra Bose was not an IAS officer, but a leader of the Indian independence movement who fought against the British rule and inspired many people to fight for the freedom of the country.

How many times Netaji was in jail?

Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as “Netaji,” was arrested and imprisoned several times by the British government during his involvement in the Indian independence movement.

In 1924, Bose was arrested for his participation in the Non-Cooperation Movement, a campaign of non-violent resistance against British colonial rule, and he was sentenced to a year in prison.

In 1927, Bose was arrested again and sentenced to another year in prison for his involvement in the independence movement.

In 1940, Bose was arrested for the third time and sentenced to a total of 11 years in prison for his activities in the Forward Bloc, a coalition of Indian nationalist groups that he had formed.

In 1941 Bose escaped from house arrest in Calcutta and went to Germany, from where he traveled to Japan.

In addition to his time in Indian prisons, Bose was also held as a prisoner of war by the British after the INA failed to defeat the British Indian army and he was captured by British Indian army.

In total, Bose spent several years in prison in India and as a prisoner of war. These imprisonments were not only physical but also a mental and emotional burden on him, but they didn’t stop him from continuing his fight for India’s independence.

Why Japan helped Netaji?

Japan helped Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as “Netaji,” during World War II because they saw him as a valuable ally in their fight against the British.

Japan was at war with the British and the Allies, and they were looking for allies to help them in their fight.

Bose, who was a leader of the Indian independence movement, saw an opportunity to gain Japan’s support in his own fight against British colonial rule in India.

Bose believed that the British were the main obstacle to Indian independence, and he saw Japan as a powerful ally that could help him in his fight against the British.

He formed the Indian National Army (INA) with the help of Japanese soldiers and launched an attack on British-controlled India in 1944.

Japan saw Bose as a valuable ally, not only because of his leadership of the INA and his potential to weaken the British in India but also because of his ability to mobilize the Indian soldiers in the British Indian army to join the INA, which would have weakened the British war effort.

In addition, Japan also saw Bose’s INA as a propaganda tool to show the world that they were fighting for the freedom of oppressed people.

Bose’s INA also served as a tool to win over the support of the Indian population, which would have been useful in the post-war scenario.

In summary, Japan helped Subhash Chandra Bose because they saw him as a valuable ally in their fight against the British and his INA as a propaganda tool to win over the support of the Indian population.

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